How To Insulate Walls Without Removing The Drywall

Asbestos Around The House

To insulate walls without removing the drywall holes on the interior or exterior of the home are cut.  Insulation materials are blown or sprayed between the studs to fill in wall cavities with insulation.  This, along with attic insulation, helps create a more energy efficient home that requires less natural gas or electricity to stay comfortable.

Wall Insulation

When it comes to high energy costs, it has really made homeowners much more aware of having the right insulation. There are some experts that have stated that a person can save about 15% on their energy bill by sealing up any air leaks and even adding some insulation, but that will be based on the location and age of the house.

Older houses, especially those that were built around World War II, are not insulated to more modern standards, but almost every house can benefit from adding insulation. Specifics will be based on the type of house, but there are many options for all without having to remove the drywall in your home.

Check Your Needs

You will need to check out sources such as the North American Insulation Manufacturers Association to see just how much insulation you are going to need. Insulation will be rated by R value, which is the resistance to heat. Most of the United States will need to have between R-60 to R-37 in the attic and between R-16 to R-12 in the walls.

Exterior Walls

You may add insulation to your walls without removing it by cutting holes into the siding. You can blow spray foam or cellulose into the walls from outside. Just cut a 1 inch to 2-inch hole between the studs at the top of the wall and then spray the insulation into the hole using a hose. Replace the cutouts, fill using wood filler and then sand smooth and paint to restore your siding.

Basement Walls

Insulating the basement walls in your home helps keep your home a more even temperature throughout the year.   Basement walls can be insulated with foam board, spray foam, blown-in, and spray foam insulation.  For basements that are finished and have sheetrock insulation contractors use similar methods to retrofitting exterior wall insulation installation.  Holes are cut to install the insulation and then are patched and painted over.

Attics

The easiest place for you to add insulation is going to be in your attic, under your roof. That is where adding insulation will be most beneficial. Another option is to add some loose fill insulation like fiberglass beads, cellulose, or rock wool. These types of insulation can be bought in bags at a supply store. You can add the loose fill on your existing insulation which has been installed in older homes. You should add between 7 to 12 inches of insulation which meets the requirement.

Roll or Batt

Another option for your attic will be roll or batt insulation which is made of wool, fiberglass or cotton. They will have similar R values, but fiberglass is very common and easily purchased at a supply store. Fiberglass batt is similar to those that are placed in your house wall during construction. You can lay rolls or batts between the joists in the ceiling or over them and make sure to place them on top of existing insulation.

Spray Foam

Spray foam insulation is a more modern and popular insulation type that you can add without needing to remove your drywall. This material is sprayed as a liquid which will expand when it makes contact with air. It will have a fluffy, soft appearance but a high R value. It will expand to fill any cracks so there will be no air openings where cold air can get in or for hot air to escape. In the attic it is normally sprayed between the rafters and the excess material is trimmed using a saw or knife.

How Blown In Insulation Is Installed Behind Drywall

This process is often called retrofitting and involves cutting access holes, blowing in insulation, and then patching.  Some homeowners with the time and tools are able to do this, but professional retrofitting is faster and generally more effective.  Training and experience make a big difference in how well the new insulation performs.  It’s possible to add blown in insulation to attics, walls, under floors and even the crawl space in your home.  Learn how the pros install insulation between studs without removing the drywall.

Step 1. Drill Holes In The Wall

To install the insulation without completely removing the drywall our pros find the studs in your walls.  Using a stud finder to mark off the studs with a pencil.  Drops cloths are used to protect floors and make cleanup easier as 2 inch holes are drilled to fill each of these wall cavities.  The holes are drilled as high as possible so insulation naturally piles up and creates an even layer of insulation.

Step 2. Blow In The Insulation

Our professional team of insulation installers work together to place the hose in the wall and slowly inch it out as the insulation is blown in tight.  This creates the evenly distributed effective insulation you need for your walls. Dirt and dust may be kicked up during this process so our team wears masks, gloves and goggles for personal safety and protection.

Step 3. Patching & Painting

Once the walls are filled with the insulation the installation holes are patched.  This is done by either saving the drywall discs cut as you created the access points or cutting new plugs.  Use drywall tape to secure the disc or patch in place, cover it with spackle and let it dry.  Once all of the holes are patched and dried the last step is painting the walls to make sure it looks uniform.

This process drastically improves home’s thermal efficiency in both summer and winter.  Stay cooler in when it’s hot and warmer when it’s cold without blowing your budget on utilities.

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

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Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos Testing Costs 2021

Asbestos Testing Costs 2020

The average for asbestos testing is about $517, with a typical range around $225 and $808. It may cost as low as $90 or high as $2,000 for the US in 2021. Testing costs increase with the buildings size and how complex the project is.

From around the 1900’s to around the 1970’s, contractors utilized this natural silicate in homes for its insulating capabilities and durability. Despite that, when damaged and aged, it flakes and crumbles, which emits its fibers into the air. When people breathe in carcinogenic fibers, it can lead to mesothelioma or Pulmonary fibrosis. It’s essential to get a professional to test for the presence of asbestos to find out if your business or home requires asbestos abatement or removal.

The cost of an asbestos survey or inspection is around an average of $495 $225 to $808 for the US in 2021. This test establishes the presence of asbestos to warrant professional removal. The price includes:

  • Optical inspection for general risks.
  • Collecting samples from areas like the insulation, roof, and walls.
  • Lab testing the samples.
  • Producing reports on the results.

Lab Testing Cost

The inspection price includes the cost of a lab test. Throughout the inspection, a professional will take every appropriate sample and send the samples to a lab. As an example, one sample is a couple of scrapings off of a textured ceiling to see if it needs the removal of the popcorn ceiling.

Report Costs

The price of the inspection typically includes the cost of an asbestos report because the lab fees are usually a part of the bundle. Following an examination, a report will be created that will confirm or deny the existence of hazardous fibers. You will provide these reports to an abatement professional to show where asbestos is located in your home.

Air Testing Pricing

You can expect to pay an average of $500 to the air for asbestosSubject to the number of samples you require and the size of your home, costs range around $200 to $800. This is comparable to the price of an inside air quality test, which sometimes includes asbestos in a list of wanted impurities.

Type 2 Asbestos Surveys

Today’s professionals denote to type two asbestos surveys as an “asbestos management survey,” which will cost around $200 and $800. These management surveys are really an inspection that’s a mixture of the previous type one tests and type two tests. It tests all the required samples and establishes vulnerable materials.

In essence, identifying surveys by “type” are a thing of the past. A type two is now part of what we now call an inspection or a management survey.

Asbestos Assessment Costs during a Home Inspection

Asbestos assessment costs throughout a home inspection is around $200 to $800 if you hire a professional independently from a home inspector. Nevertheless, if you hire a home inspector that is asbestos-certified, they can add a lesser fee than the average cost of a home inspection, that is about $330. It’s essential to acknowledge that normal home inspectors don’t do demolition, that includes scraping and taking samples unless they get permission from the homeowner.

Source:

  1. Learn How Much It Costs to Test For Asbestos.” HomeAdvisor, https://www.homeadvisor.com/cost/environmental-safety/test-or-remove-asbestos/.

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos In Appliances

Asbestos In Appliances

Products that once contained asbestos can be broadly divided into three ranges of products. Read on to learn more.

Handheld and Small Appliances

Handheld and smaller-than-a-breadbox sized items that had to be both lightweight and heat resistant often made it onto this list. Also, items that may have contained no major asbestos component may still have included asbestos electrical insulation in their cords or circuits.

  • Hairdryers
  • Toasters
  • Hotplates/Bunsen burners
  • Oven mitts and other heat resistant textiles
  • The wicks in lamps

Large and Installed Appliances

Larger appliances, including portable, free-standing, and installed products also could contain asbestos products as heat and electrical insulation and textiles.

  • Dishwashers
  • Ovens and stoves
  • Wood-burning stoves
  • Decorative fireplace logs
  • Ironing boards and their covers
  • Electrical blankets
  • Heaters
  • Crockpots and popcorn poppers

Talcum and Vermiculite Products

It’s important to remember that asbestos is a naturally-occurring mineral that is mined. While this silica-based mineral only forms under certain circumstances, it can also form in or near other minerals, potentially contaminating them. Both talcum (talc powder) and vermiculite both can be contaminated, and before testing was done to make sure these minerals were screened, both could be contaminated by asbestos.

Source: https://fibercontrolinc.com/types-of-appliances-that-contain-asbestos

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We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos In Auto Repair, Brakes And Clutches

Asbestos In Auto Repair Brakes And Clutches.

Asbestos has been a component in linings, clutch facings, and brakes pads for a long time and millions of them on the shelf of an auto parts store or operating in vehicles can still be found today. That said they are not normally used in the production of new components. Read on to learn more.

Hazards

As clutches and brakes wear down through regular usage, dust containing asbestos is released into the outside environment as well as getting trapped within the vehicle housing to be released when those areas are being worked on. Asbestos dust is also spread further by using a vacuum cleaner to sweep up the break residue and in a similar way to use compressed air.

Therefore, it should be obvious that mechanics are at high risk for asbestos exposure. Cleaning drum brakes can release asbestos fibers by the million around the face of a mechanic, even striking a brake drum with an object like a hammer can cause the release of asbestos fibers.  It can get on their hands and be swallowed as well. Asbestos lingers once it is in the air and can be inhaled by customers as well as mechanics. Not to mention the dust will remain on their clothes, endangering other people they may meet.

Minimizing Dangers

Government regulations state any shop that does in excess of five brake jobs per year must use special equipment so asbestos exposure is minimized. These include a see-through enclosure surrounding the brake system and a vacuum with a HEPA filter. Another method is low-pressure sprays used to wet down the brake assembly and the water runoff when collected. Asbestos must also be collected and sealed as well as labeled in containers that cannot be opened.

The Home Mechanic

As home auto mechanics are still a very popular pastime those who work with clutches and brakes containing asbestos are also at risk and the problem may even be more intense as they do not often have the safety equipment found in auto shops.

The SPA states at home mechanics should refrain from using compressed air to clean brakes to prevent the release of asbestos and should also use parts that are preground to avoid asbestos exposure.

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

Online

Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos, Mines and Vermiculite Processing In Arizona

Asbestos, Mines and Vermiculite Processing In Arizona

The following is from asbestos.com and discusses the history of mines and vermiculite processing in Arizona. The full article can be found here.

Mines

Over a period of 53 years, 160 Salt River Canyon mines produced more than 75,000 tons of asbestos, while the production from an additional 60-70 mines operating in the area remains unknown. Miners who removed raw asbestos from the earth were at high risk for inhaling the dangerous fibers that they disturbed on a daily basis.

Asbestos was once regarded as the most important mineral resource at Arizona’s San Carlos Indian Reservation. Home to seven such mines, the first property was discovered in 1922 and asbestos mining on site generated approximately $500,000 worth of revenue by 1956.

ASBESTOS MINES ON THE SAN CARLOS CAMPUS:

  • Apache Mine
  • Chiricahua Claim
  • Jaquays Mining Corporation
  • Pine Top Mine
  • Salt River Mine
  • Bear Canyon Mine
  • Great View Mines
  • Mystery Claim
  • Rek Towne Mine

OTHER ASBESTOS MINES ACROSS THE STATE:

  • Abril Mine
  • Cemetery Ridge
  • Empire No. 2 Shaft
  • Kyle Asbestos Mines
  • Putman Wash
  • Sorsen Asbestos Prospect
  • Bass Mine
  • Dome Rock Mountains Mine
  • Hance Mine
  • Phillips Asbestos Mines
  • Roadside Mines
  • Stansbury Asbestos Prospect

Numerous other mines operated in Coconino, La Paz, Cochise, Yuma and Pinal Counties.

Ari-Zonolite Vermiculite Processing Plant

Glendale was home to a large vermiculite processing facility known as Ari-Zonolite. It received more than 212,458 tons of vermiculite ore from the W.R. Grace mine in Libby, Montana, a site infamous for asbestos contamination. Arizona ranks eighth in the nation for the volume of vermiculite processed from mines in Libby. Ari-Zonolite refined vermiculite ore between 1951 and 1964, and other businesses used the building until 2002. The facility contained multiple structures, including a one-story brick room that was formerly used as a boiler room. Raw ore was stored in the building until it was placed into the furnace to be processed.

A 2011 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) investigation revealed that three out of seven soil samples at the Ari-Zonolite site contained tremolite-actinolite asbestos. Residual asbestos contamination was also present in indoor air samples. The workers at the plant during its time as the Ari-Zonolite facility — as well as in the years following the company’s closure — were likely exposed to toxic dust on a regular basis. Additionally, as many as 6,059 Arizona residents living within a one-mile radius of the facility may have been exposed to harmful quantities of the airborne fibers.

State Laws

Federal laws and regulations set by the EPA cover most matters related to asbestos use in Arizona. The Arizona Division of Occupational Safety and Health (ADOSH), which works in tandem with the U.S. Department of Labor, oversees state-specific occupational health and safety issues. The ADOSH, however, has no jurisdiction in cases related to mining operations, which have traditionally accounted for the majority of asbestos-related health issues. The Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) maintains notification forms required for any renovation or demolition activities where asbestos is involved. Three Arizona counties, including Maricopa, Pima and Pinal have additional asbestos regulations beyond federal standards.

Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos Insulation Removal Costs 2021

Asbestos Testing Costs 2020

Asbestos Insulation Removal

Asbestos removal may become an issue when a material containing asbestos is damaged, crumbling or flaking in your home. Read on to learn more about what to do and the costs associated with the removal of asbestos.

Asbestos was used very widely in building materials before the start of the 1970’s. In reality it is actually a carcinogen but can often be found in older buildings among pipe and duct ventilation, vermiculite attic insulation, wall and ceiling acoustic tiles, cement floor tiles and siding as well as floor tile adhesives.

However it is wise that is the asbestos containing materials are in your home are undamaged, leave them alone. According to the Environmental Protection Agency it is far more dangerous to disturb them. In fact in the majority of states you must disclose if asbestos is in your home prior to its sale. But if you are planning a remodel, removing the asbestos will be the best thing you can do if you are going to disturb it in any way.

Asbestos Removal Basics

The first thing to do is to have the material you suspect containing asbestos tested and then have it professionally removed.

  • Speak with the asbestos program in your region as well as the asbestos administrative department in the state where the property is or you can contact OSHA (Occupational Safety & Health Administration) regional office to establish the local regulations and requirements for your area.
  • Find accreited asbestos contractors and inspectors who are trained and licenced in the testing and removal of safe asbestos.
  • Conflict of interest can be avoided by having suspect materials tested by a certain company and the removal completed by a different company.
  • Preparation is key. It may be the case you and your family will have to move out of your house on a temporary basis while the asbestos is being removed from the property.

Getting A Contractor

There is nothing infra dig about using a flooring, siding or roofing contractor for this as long as they are trained and well practices in the removal of asbestos. Before the commencement of work, you will want to ensure you have a written contract clearly expressing the local, state and federal regulations the contractor is obliged to follow including the clean up of your premises and the disposal of the asbestos. At the end of the job, get written evidence from the contractor that the above procedures were completed correctly. Have a licensed asbestos inspector perform a follow-up check as a final step.

Asbestos Removal Costs

An initial inspecton for asbestos costs an average of $600 with prices ranging from $400 to $800 for the US in 2021.

Asbestos removal costs do vary depending on how much needs to be removed. But you can expect an average minimum fee of $2,250 with averages varying on the low to high end at between $1,500 and $3,000.

Total asbestos removal in a home measuring 1,500 square feet with asbestos in the floors, walls, ceilings, pipes and roof averages $25,000 with costs ranging from $20,000 to $30,000 for the US in 2021.

Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

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Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Buried Asbestos Remains a Concern

Buried Asbestos Remains a Concern

Scientists have discovered that the soil composition typically used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to cap asbestos Superfund sites actually increases mobility of the toxic mineral, sending it into groundwater that could endanger people nearby.

This discovery disproves the long-held belief that, once buried, asbestos waste no longer presents a serious problem.

The Journal of Hazardous Materials Letters published the findings in early 2021. Researchers referenced at least 16 federal Superfund sites designated by the EPA as environmental emergencies, along with many lesser-contaminated asbestos dumping grounds.

“People should be aware of what’s out there,” Sanjay Mohanty, lead study author and assistant professor at UCLA Samueli School of Engineering, told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “We typically assume, once it’s embedded in the soil, there is no risk. But we’ve shown here, in some instances, that’s not the case.”

Mohanty was part of a research team that included Jane Willenbring, associate professor of geological sciences at Stanford University; and Ashkan Salamatipour, clinical research specialist at Midwestern University, Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine.

The project began at the University of Pennsylvania Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, where all three served previously. The findings were based in part on samples taken from the BoRit asbestos Superfund site in Ambler, Pennsylvania.

Originally, the goal of the study was to gauge the effectiveness of the EPA’s method of covering asbestos disposal sites with soil that included dissolved organic matter – compost or biosolids – used to support and encourage vegetation cover.

What researchers found was that the dissolved organic matter actually increased the likelihood of further exposure to the cancer-causing mineral.

“Now we can show that exactly the thing that they [EPA] do, which is add manure or other organic sludge to the asbestos piles that creates production of dissolved organic matter, is exactly what causes the liberation of asbestos,” Willenbring said in a recent news release from Stanford University. “It’s actually facilitating the transport of asbestos fibers.”

Through extensive laboratory testing, the researchers concluded that dissolved organic matter changes the texture and electric charge of the microscopic asbestos fibers, enabling them to move more easily through the soil.

Researchers believe those fibers eventually find shallow groundwater and nearby rivers or streams, where they can become airborne again via irrigation, or by the drying up of riverbeds.

“People have this idea that asbestos is all covered up and taken care of,” Willenbring said. “But this is still a lingering legacy pollutant and might be dribbling out pollution, little by little.”

Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that was once a coveted building material, used ubiquitously to strengthen most anything with which it was mixed.

Unfortunately, it also is toxic, and the inhalation or ingestion of microscopic asbestos fibers can lead to a variety of serious health issues, including malignant mesothelioma, lung cancer or asbestosis.

Although asbestos has not been mined within the United States for 20 years, and its importation and use today has fallen dramatically, legacy asbestos remains a serious issue. Asbestos dumping grounds, and the areas around them, can be dangerous.

Fortunately, different varieties of dissolved organic matter have different effects on the mobility of buried asbestos.

“Not all organics have the same effect,” Mohanty said. “There are different degrees. The probability of exposure is never zero, but what we’ve found is that the probability becomes a little higher under certain conditions.”

The researchers believe that areas where asbestos was buried should be more carefully monitored by the EPA, along with soil composition.

“These results may have profound consequences on the asbestos mobility in soils and groundwater, which in turn could increase asbestos exposure to millions of people living near the asbestos-contaminated site,” the study concluded. “This alternative asbestos exposure route, via groundwater, should not be ignored.”

 

 

 

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

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Chrysotile Asbestos and PV29

Chrysotile Asbestos and PV29

From National Law Review 

On May 12, 2021, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began environmental justice consultations regarding the development of risk management actions under Section 6(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) for Asbestos, Part 1: Chrysotile Asbestos and Pigment Violet 29 (PV29). EPA will hold two identical consultation webinars, on June 1, 2021, and June 9, 2021. EPA states that it is offering these repeated sessions to increase opportunities for participation. Both sessions will provide an overview of the TSCA risk management requirements, the findings from the final risk evaluations, the tools available to manage the unreasonable risks from Asbestos, Part 1: Chrysotile Asbestos and PV29, and an opportunity for input on environmental justice concerns. The consultations are open to the public, and EPA is inviting national, local, and non-governmental organizations, communities, and other interested stakeholders to participate. The environmental justice consultation period end August 13, 2021.

EPA states that in addition to these environmental justice consultations, it is implementing a “robust outreach effort” on risk management that includes consultations with small businesses, state and local governments, and tribes. There will also be an open public comment period on proposed risk management actions. More information on EPA’s final risk evaluation for Asbestos, Part 1: Chrysotile Asbestos is available in our January 4, 2021, memorandum and on EPA’s final risk evaluation for PV29 in our January 25, 2021, memorandum.

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Asbestos Tile Removal Cost 2021

Asbestos Floor TIles

Asbestos tile removal costs an average of $3,250 with costs ranging from $1,500 to in excess of $5,000 for the US in 2021. Read on to learn more.

An inspection will most likely be needed and a report made to a third party company so levels of asbestos can be confirmed. Once that is done, the contractor usually starts by installing plastic sheets and air equipment to lower air pressure. This helps to prevent fiber dispersal.

The material must be kept wet and double bagged or stored in appropriate plastic sheeting designed for the task, All workers must be certified in the proper manner for the removal of asbestos, just not those working directly with it.

No official standard for safe levels in homes have been set by the EPA or others but a general standard is that they’re below .01 asbestos fibers per cubic centimeter of air (0.01 f/cc). All waste material will be properly labeled and disposed of in a landfill that accepts asbestos waste.

Other Factors

Various factors impact the average cost you’ll pay, including where you live, how many licensed remediation companies operate in your area, and the size of your home and amount and location of the tile or flooring. Other factors include the the type of material you’re having removed, and the condition it is in and how it was originally installed.

Like any renovation work, different contractors will likely give you wildly varying bids for the same job, taking into account all of the above as well as a simpler factor that often comes into play: how much do they think you’ll pay.

Source: https://www.asbestostile.org/what-is-the-average-cost-of-asbestos-tile-removal/

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training

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Classroom

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Asbestos In The News April 2021

On April 23, 2021, Stanford University Reported the following: (The whole article may be read here)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) largely remedies Superfund sites containing asbestos by capping them with soil to lock the buried toxin in place. But new research suggests that this may actually increase the likelihood of human exposure to the cancer-causing mineral.

Friable asbestos ceiling materials are removed and double bagged at a quarantined facility at Naval Base Coronado Naval Air Station North Island. (Image credit: Jimmy Johnson/U.S. Navy)

“People have this idea that asbestos is all covered up and taken care of,” said Jane Willenbring, who is an associate professor of geological sciences at Stanford University’s School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences (Stanford Earth). “But this is still a lingering legacy pollutant and might be dribbling out pollution, little by little.”

Willenbring has published several studies about asbestos behavior and, most recently, turned her attention to the lack of information about how asbestos may move through the soils where it is stored. Through lab experiments with asbestos fibers, which were detailed in a paper published Jan. 27 in the Journal of Hazardous Materials Letters, she and colleagues determined that the soil’s organic material actually enables the asbestos to move through the ground and potentially into nearby water supplies.

They found that dissolved organic matter changes the electric charge on asbestos particles and makes them less sticky, thereby enabling them to move faster through soil. The work disproves the prevailing theory that asbestos fibers cannot easily move through soil – an assumption that has been made in part because of the mineral’s hair-like shape.

“It’s surprising that even though these little fibers are so long, because their shortest diameter is small enough, they can wind their way through these soil pores,” said Willenbring, who is senior author on the study.

Inhalation of asbestos increases the risk of developing lung disease and lung cancer, and exposure could occur through irrigation, taking showers, using humidifiers or other unfiltered sources that disperse water into the air.

A legacy pollutant

Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that mainly forms in the subsurface, at the boundary of Earth’s oceanic and continental crusts. For much of the 20th century, it was revered as a miracle building material for its high heat capacity and insulation properties, and mining and production boomed worldwide. Following widespread evidence of its link to cancer, including a rare and aggressive form called mesothelioma, production of asbestos in the U.S. declined dramatically starting in the 1970s.

This illustration shows the potential transport pathways of asbestos fibers in groundwater from contaminated sites. (Image credit: Mohanty et al.)

In addition to thinking that the shape of the fibers would inhibit transport, the scientific community has been influenced by a 1977 EPA report that minimized the threat of asbestos moving through soil. Since then, new findings about the role of colloids – microscopic particles that remain dispersed within solutions rather than settling to the bottom – have led researchers to challenge the assumption that asbestos stays fixed in soil.

“Now we can show that exactly the thing that they do, which is add manure or other organic sludge to the asbestos piles that creates the production of dissolved organic matter, is exactly what causes the liberation of asbestos,” Willenbring said. “It’s actually facilitating the transport of asbestos fibers.”

In some ways, the team’s breakthrough about asbestos is not surprising because it aligns so closely with recent findings about the transport of colloids in soil, Willenbring said. But she was stunned by the scale of the problem: Millions of people in the U.S. are living near thousands of sites contaminated with asbestos.

At least 16 Superfund sites contain asbestos and areas where the mineral naturally occurs can also pose a risk.

Improving remediation

As part of the lab experiments, Willenbring and her team sampled soil from the BoRit Superfund Site in Ambler, Pennsylvania before it was capped in 2008. The waste dump is located next to a reservoir, as well as a stream that feeds water to the city of Philadelphia.

However, there is a silver lining to the team’s discovery.

“Not all types of dissolved organic matter have the same effect on asbestos mobility,” said lead study author Sanjay Mohanty, an assistant professor at UCLA’s Civil and Environmental Engineering who collaborated with Willenbring on the experiments. “Thus, by identifying the types that have the worst effect, the remediation design could exclude those organic amendments.”

As part of the remediation strategy, some sites include vegetation planted on top of the soil to prevent erosion. Willenbring’s ongoing research involves figuring out how fungal-vegetation associations may be able to extract iron and make the asbestos fibers less toxic to people.

“It’s not just inflammation in the lungs that’s a problem – there’s a process by which iron contained in the asbestos fiber is actually responsible for causing DNA damage, which can lead to cancer or mesothelioma,” Willenbring said.

Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos In The News 2021

Asbestos In The News 2021

In January 2021, The National Law review published an article with the headline: Asbestos Reporting and Regulation to be a TSCA Focal Point for EPA in 2021.

We thought this may be of help to those in the asbestos industry but because of publishing regulations from The National Law Review, we cannot quote from the article. However, the article may be read in full here.

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Cost 2021

Asbestos, Mines and Vermiculite Processing In Arizona

How much does it cost to remove a popcorn ceiling? You can expect to pay about $1.50 per sq. ft. on average or $1 to $2 per sq. ft. for popcorn ceiling removal that may or may not contain asbestos.

According to homeguide.com popcorn ceiling removal costs about $1.50 per sq. ft. with average prices ranging from $1 to $2 per sq. ft. to remove a popcorn ceiling not containing asbestos in the US for 2021. Most homeowners spent around $1,710.  Homeguide states a similar prices range with “most home spending an average range of $2,700 for a 1,800 sq. ft. home” and average prices ranging from $1,010 to $2,260. You can expect to pay even more for the cost of asbestos popcorn ceiling removal.

Cost of Asbestos Removal Popcorn Ceiling

How much does it cost to remove asbestos from a popcorn ceiling? If your popcorn ceiling tests positive for asbestos, you can contain or encapsulate the asbestos for a cost of $2 to $6 per sq. ft. or hire an asbestos removal contractor to remove asbestos for about $10 to $20 per sq. ft. according to HomeGuide. On average, asbestos removal from a popcorn ceiling costs about $2,000, with prices ranging from $1,500 to $2,500 in the US for 2021.

Popcorn Ceiling vs Asbestos Popcorn Ceiling Removal Cost

CostHelper says Popcorn ceilings not containing asbestos can expect to pay about $1 to $3 per square foot or $250 to $900 to remove a popcorn ceiling from a 15’x20’ room or $1,200 to $1,400 for a 1,6000 sq. ft house.

Popcorn ceiling containing asbestos can expect to pay about $3 to $7 per square foot $900 to $2,100 to remove a popcorn ceiling from a 15’x20’ room or $4,500 to $11,500 for a 1,6000 sq. ft house.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Cost Factors

Learn more about the cost factors that affect popcorn ceiling removal.

Asbestos Testing. A simple asbestos test will cost you anywhere from $50 to $100.

Ceiling Size. The size of your ceiling makes a difference in the cost. Most asbestos removal contractors charge anywhere from $1 to $3 per sq. ft. or $15 to $40 per hour according to HomeAdvisor.

Moving Furniture. Furniture will need to be moved in order to remove the popcorn ceiling. Furniture removal usually only adds about $100 or so to the overall cost.

Asbestos Removal. If asbestos is found in your popcorn ceiling it will cost more to remove.

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Cities With the Most Homes Likely to Contain Asbestos

Cities With the Most Homes Likely to Contain Asbestos

The website Filterbuy analyzed the U.S. Census Bureau data and uncovered the cities with the most pre-1940 homes. The website includes three lists, one each for small, mid-size and large cities.

Cleveland has the most pre-1940 homes in the country. It has nearly 109,000, which is around 52% of all homes in the city. Boston (106,449, 48.2%) and San Francisco  (183,323, 45.1%) are second and third, followed by:

  • Minneapolis, Minnesota (84,419, 43.8%)
  • Baltimore, Maryland (123,352, 42%)
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (285,003, 41.2%)
  • Chicago, Illinois (492,213, 40.4%)
  • New York, New York (1,383,287, 39%)
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin (95,525, 36.7%)
  • Oakland, California (65,364, 35.8%)
  • Washington, D.C. (105,898, 32.8%)
  • Detroit, Michigan (117,572, 32.7%)
  • New Orleans, Louisiana (61,959, 32.2%)
  • Portland, Oregon (82,428, 27.6%)
  • Seattle, Washington (88,091, 23.7%)

Buffalo (59.8%) has the highest percentage of old homes among mid-sized cities, followed by:

  • St. Louis, Missouri (58.7%)
  • Providence, Rhode Island (57.4%)
  • Rochester, New York (57.2%)
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (48.2%)
  • Worcester, Massachusetts (42.5%)
  • Springfield, Massachusetts (41.6%)
  • Cincinnati, Ohio (40.9%)
  • St. Paul, Minnesota (40.1%)
  • Grand Rapids, Michigan (37.5%)
  • Akron, Ohio (32.9%)
  • Toledo, Ohio (32.6%)
  • Des Moines, Iowa (31.7%)
  • Yonkers, New York (30.5%)
  • Richmond, Virginia (30%)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (47.3%) has the highest percentage of old homes among small U.S. cities, followed by:

  • Berkeley, California (46.9%)
  • Lowell, Massachusetts (45.8%)
  • New Haven, Connecticut (44.1%)
  • Allentown, Pennsylvania (44.1%)
  • Syracuse, New York (43.8%)
  • Dayton, Ohio (37.1%)
  • Manchester, New Hampshire (36.6%)
  • Bridgeport, Connecticut (35.8%)
  • Hartford, Connecticut (35.7%)
  • East Los Angeles, California (34.1%)
  • Pasadena, California (30.2%)
  • Waterbury, Connecticut (30%)
  • Elizabeth, New Jersey (28.8%)
  • Patterson, New Jersey (28.1%)

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos, the CDC and NIOSH

Asbestos, the CDC and NIOSH

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention alongside The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health have published a number of peer reviewed guidelines regarding asbestos in the work place. Read on to learn more:
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/asbestos/default.html

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Christmas Decorations And Asbestos

Christmas Decorations And Asbestos

For several, vintage clothing has been in fashion and over recent years vintage homeware, including Christmas decorations, have also become popular. However, these decorations from days of yore may carry a silent killer.

Most people know of the dangers of asbestos and that it was widely used in the construction industry due to its fire retardant and insulation properties. What people may not know is that asbestos was also used in Christmas decorations.

In the 1930s and 1940s, asbestos was used to make fake snow which was then used to decorate baubles, trees and wreaths. In many cases, pure asbestos was used. The trend in purchasing vintage Christmas decorations means that people may unknowingly be bringing deadly asbestos into their homes.

Asbestos was used for decorations until the outbreak of the Second World War when it was used extensively to insulate ships and aircraft. There is now a worry that many decorations still exist and could pose a danger to people using them in their homes.

It is not only decorations containing asbestos that are cause for concern, there are still many houses in the US containing asbestos. Asbestos is only harmful when the fibers are loose or released into the air. Many people keep store Christmas decorations in the attic, where asbestos insulation may be present.

Asbestos is extremely dangerous and even very light exposure to asbestos can lead to someone developing mesothelioma, an incurable asbestos related cancer. Therefore, it is vital that anyone who thinks they may have asbestos Christmas decorations, disposes of them responsibly.

Source: https://www.asbestosjustice.co.uk/deck-halls-deadly-decorations/

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Arizona Department Of Environmental Quality And Asbestos

Arizona Department Of Environmental Quality And Asbestos

The following information from the Arizona Department Of Environmental Quality regarding Asbestos.

About the Program

The purpose of the Asbestos National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) Program is to protect public health from exposure to regulated asbestos-containing material (RACM) during NESHAP facility renovation/demolition activities, asbestos removal, transport and disposal, by closely monitoring those activities for proper notification and asbestos emissions control. Asbestos is known to cause cancer and respiratory diseases in humans.

Under Section 112 of the Clean Air Act (CAA), Congress gave the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the responsibility for enforcing regulations relating to asbestos renovations and demolitions activities. The CAA allows the U.S. EPA to delegate this authority to state and local agencies. Even after the U.S. EPA delegates responsibility to a state or local agency, the U.S. EPA retains authority to oversee agency performance and to enforce the Asbestos NESHAP regulations as necessary.

What Sources Are Covered by the Asbestos NESHAP?

Among others, the following activities and facilities are regulated:

  • Milling of asbestos
  • Commercial manufacturing of products that contain commercial asbestos
  • Demolition of all facilities, even though it may not contain asbestos
  • Renovation of facilities that contain friable asbestos-containing materials
  • Spraying of asbestos-containing materials
  • Processing (fabricating) of any manufactured products that contain asbestos
  • Use of insulating materials that contain commercial asbestos
  • Disposal of asbestos-containing waste generated during milling, manufacturing, renovation, demolition, spraying, and fabricating operations
  • Active waste disposal sites
  • Closure and maintenance of inactive waste disposal sites
  • Operation of and reporting on facilities that convert asbestos-containing waste material into non-asbestos material
  • Design and operation of air cleaning devices
  • Reporting of information pertaining to process control equipment, filter devices, asbestos generating process, etc.

Asbestos NESHAP Program and Notification Requirements

Applicability

Any facility undergoing renovation or demolition. “Facility” means any institutional, commercial, public, industrial, or residential structure, installation, or building (including any structure, installation, or building containing condominiums or individual dwelling units operated as a residential cooperative, but excluding residential buildings having four or fewer dwelling units); any ship; and any active or inactive waste disposal site.

Requirements

Prior to beginning renovation or demolition activities of a facility, a certified Asbestos AHERA (Hazard Emergency Response Act) building inspector should thoroughly inspect the facility or part of the facility where the renovation or demolition operation will occur for the presence of asbestos, including friable and non-friable asbestos containing materials.

For all demolitions (even when no asbestos is present) and renovation activities involving threshold amounts of regulated asbestos-containing material (RACM), provide the Asbestos NESHAP agency overseeing the project site with a NESHAP notification at least 10 working days prior to the demolition or renovation activity. Threshold amounts of RACM are:

  • 260 linear feet or more on pipes
  • 160 square feet or more on other facility components
  • 35 cubic feet or more off facility components

Fees

There are no state notification or permitting fees involved with this program for jurisdictional counties. The Region 9 Asbestos Program charges no fees for work on Tribal Lands. Maricopa, Pinal, and Pima counties have fees for their notification process. Some cities may have separate permit fees, and AHERA inspectors may charge a fee for their inspection.

Written Notification Requirement

Under section 61.145(b) of the Asbestos NESHAP, a written notification is required for renovation and demolition operations. Only completed notification forms are accepted. For NESHAP activities for the jurisdictional 12 counties that ADEQ regulates, the notification should be hand or typewritten and postmarked or delivered to ADEQ no later than 10 working days prior to the beginning of the asbestos activity or demolition. The address is:

Arizona Department of Environmental Quality
Air Quality Compliance Section, Field Services Unit
Attn: Asbestos NESHAP Program
1110 West Washington Street
Phoenix, Arizona 85007
(602) 771-2333
(800) 234-5677 – Toll Free (In State)

Source: https://legacy.azdeq.gov/environ/air/asbestos/

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

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Classroom

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos Testing Costs 2020

Asbestos Testing Costs 2020

The average for asbestos testing is about $517, with a typical range around $225 and $808. It may cost as low as $90 or high as $2,000 for the US in 2020. Testing costs increase with the buildings size and how complex the project is.

From around the 1900’s to around the 1970’s, contractors utilized this natural silicate in homes for its insulating capabilities and durability. Despite that, when damaged and aged, it flakes and crumbles, which emits its fibers into the air. When people breathe in carcinogenic fibers, it can lead to mesothelioma or Pulmonary fibrosis. It’s essential to get a professional to test for the presence of asbestos to find out if your business or home requires asbestos abatement or removal.

The cost of an asbestos survey or inspection is around an average of $495 $225 to $808 for the US in 2020. This test establishes the presence of asbestos to warrant professional removal. The price includes:

  • Optical inspection for general risks.
  • Collecting samples from areas like the insulation, roof, and walls.
  • Lab testing the samples.
  • Producing reports on the results.

Lab Testing Cost

The inspection price includes the cost of a lab test. Throughout the inspection, a professional will take every appropriate sample and send the samples to a lab. As an example, one sample is a couple of scrapings off of a textured ceiling to see if it needs the removal of the popcorn ceiling.

Report Costs

The price of the inspection typically includes the cost of an asbestos report because the lab fees are usually a part of the bundle. Following an examination, a report will be created that will confirm or deny the existence of hazardous fibers. You will provide these reports to an abatement professional to show where asbestos is located in your home.

Air Testing Pricing

You can expect to pay an average of $500 to the air for asbestosSubject to the number of samples you require and the size of your home, costs range around $200 to $800. This is comparable to the price of an inside air quality test, which sometimes includes asbestos in a list of wanted impurities.

Type 2 Asbestos Surveys

Today’s professionals denote to type two asbestos surveys as an “asbestos management survey,” which will cost around $200 and $800. These management surveys are really an inspection that’s a mixture of the previous type one tests and type two tests. It tests all the required samples and establishes vulnerable materials.

In essence, identifying surveys by “type” are a thing of the past. A type two is now part of what we now call an inspection or a management survey.

Asbestos Assessment Costs during a Home Inspection

Asbestos assessment costs throughout a home inspection is around $200 to $800 if you hire a professional independently from a home inspector. Nevertheless, if you hire a home inspector that is asbestos-certified, they can add a lesser fee than the average cost of a home inspection, that is about $330. It’s essential to acknowledge that normal home inspectors don’t do demolition, that includes scraping and taking samples unless they get permission from the homeowner.

Source:

  1. Learn How Much It Costs to Test For Asbestos.” HomeAdvisor, https://www.homeadvisor.com/cost/environmental-safety/test-or-remove-asbestos/.

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

Online

Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

Webinar

Live webinars allow you to watch instructors on demand from the comfort of your home or office. Learn, chat with other students, and ask questions in real-time. Browse Live Webinars

Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestosis Definition

Asbestos Cooling Towers

Here is the Mayo Clinic’s definition of asbestosis:

Asbestosis (as-bes-TOE-sis) is a chronic lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos fibers. Prolonged exposure to these fibers can cause lung tissue scarring and shortness of breath. Asbestosis symptoms can range from mild to severe, and usually don’t appear until many years after continued exposure.

Asbestos is a natural mineral product that’s resistant to heat and corrosion. It was used extensively in the past in products such as insulation, cement and some floor tiles.

Most people with asbestosis acquired it on the job before the federal government began regulating the use of asbestos and asbestos products in the 1970s. Today, its handling is strictly regulated. Acquiring asbestosis is extremely unlikely if you follow your employer’s safety procedures. Treatment focuses on relieving your symptoms.

The effects of long-term exposure to asbestos typically don’t show up until 10 to 40 years after initial exposure. Symptoms can vary in severity. Asbestosis signs and symptoms may include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • A persistent, dry cough
  • Loss of appetite with weight loss
  • Fingertips and toes that appear wider and rounder than normal (clubbing)
  • Chest tightness or pain

If you have a history of exposure to asbestos and you’re experiencing increasing shortness of breath, talk to your doctor about the possibility of asbestosis.

Causes

If you are exposed to high levels of asbestos dust over a long period of time, some of the airborne fibers can become lodged within your alveoli — the tiny sacs inside your lungs where oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide in your blood. The asbestos fibers irritate and scar lung tissue, causing the lungs to become stiff. This makes it difficult to breathe.

As asbestosis progresses, more and more lung tissue becomes scarred. Eventually, your lung tissue becomes so stiff that it can’t contract and expand normally.

Smoking appears to increase the retention of asbestos fibers in the lungs, and often results in a faster progression of the disease.

Risk factors

People who worked in mining, milling, manufacturing, installation or removal of asbestos products before the late 1970s are at risk of asbestosis. Examples include:

  • Asbestos miners
  • Aircraft and auto mechanics
  • Boiler operators
  • Building construction workers
  • Electricians
  • Railroad workers
  • Refinery and mill workers
  • Shipyard workers
  • Workers removing asbestos insulation around steam pipes in older buildings

Risk of asbestosis is generally related to the amount and the duration of exposure to asbestos. The greater the exposure is, the greater the risk is of lung damage.

Secondhand exposure is possible for household members of exposed workers, as asbestos fibers may be carried home on clothing. People living close to mines may also be exposed to asbestos fibers released into the air.

In general, it’s safe to be around materials that are made with asbestos as long as the asbestos fibers are contained. This prevents them from getting into the air and being inhaled.

Complications

If you have asbestosis, you’re at increased risk of developing lung cancer — especially if you smoke or have a history of smoking. Rarely, malignant mesothelioma, a cancer of the tissue around the lung, can occur many years after exposure to asbestos.

Prevention

Reducing exposure to asbestos is the best prevention against asbestosis. In the United States, federal law requires employers in industries that work with asbestos products — such as construction — to take special safety measures.

Many homes, schools and other buildings built before the 1970s have materials such as pipes and floor tiles that contain asbestos. Generally, there’s no risk of exposure as long as the asbestos is enclosed and undisturbed. It’s when materials containing asbestos are damaged that there’s a danger of asbestos fibers being released into the air and inhaled.

Source: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/asbestosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354637

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

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The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

History of Asbestos Related Disease

Arizona Department Of Environmental Quality And Asbestos

The Postgraduate Medical Journal part of the US Library of Medicine National Institutes Of Health published an academic paper on the History of Asbestos Related Disease. To quote from the abstract:

“The first medical article on the hazards of asbestos dust appeared in the British Medical Journal in 1924. Following inquiries by Edward Merewether and Charles Price, the British government introduced regulations to control dangerous dust emissions in UK asbestos factories. Until the 1960s these appeared to have addressed the problem effectively. Only then, with the discoveries that mesothelioma was an asbestos related disease and that workers other than those employed in the dustiest parts of asbestos factories were at risk, were the nature and scale of the hazard reassessed. In Britain, America, and elsewhere new and increasingly strict regulations were enacted.”

You can read the introduction and access the full academic paper for free, here.


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Hawaii at ManoaNote: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Haining Yang, Zeyana Rivera, Sandro Jube, Masaki Nasu, Pietro Bertino, Chandra Goparaju, Guido Franzoso, Michael T. Lotze, Thomas Krausz, Harvey I. Pass, Marco E. Bianchi, and Michele Carbone. Programmed necrosis induced by asbestos in human mesothelial cells causes high-mobility group box 1 protein release and resultant inflammationProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1006542107

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

How Asbestos Causes Cancer

How Asbestos Causes Cancer

The following article is a fully sourced academic report from the University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Summary

More than 20 million people in the U.S., and many more worldwide, who have been exposed to asbestos are at risk of developing mesothelioma, a malignant cancer of the membranes that cover the lungs and abdomen that is resistant to current therapies. Moreover, asbestos exposure increases the risk of lung cancer among smokers. For the past 40 years researchers have tried to understand why asbestos causes cancer.

The answer appears in a study published in the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A., Drs. Haining Yang and Michele Carbone at the University of Hawai’i Cancer Research Center led a research team that included collaborators at New York University, University of Chicago, University of Pittsburgh, San Raffaele University of Milano, and the Imperial College in London.

These researchers addressed the paradox of how asbestos fibers that kill cells could cause cancer, since a dead cell should not be able to grow and form a tumor. They found that when asbestos kills cells, it does so by inducing a process called “programmed cell necrosis” that leads to the release of a molecule called high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1). HMGB1 starts a particular type of inflammatory reaction that causes the release of mutagens and factors that promote tumor growth. The researchers found that patients exposed to asbestos have elevated levels of HMGB1 in their serum. Therefore, they state that it may be possible to target HMGB1 to prevent or treat mesothelioma and identify asbestos-exposed cohorts by simple HMGB1 serological testing.

In the article, the researchers propose that by interfering with the inflammatory reaction caused by asbestos and HMGB1, it may be possible to decrease cancer incidence among cohorts exposed to asbestos and decrease the rate of tumor growth among those already affected by mesothelioma. Drs. Yang and Carbone, the lead authors, state that to test this hypothesis, they are now planning a clinical trial in a remote area in Cappadocia, Turkey, where over 50% of the population dies of malignant mesothelioma. If the results are positive, the approach will be extended to cohorts of asbestos-exposed individuals in the U.S.

This research emphasizes the role of inflammation in causing different types of cancers and provides novel clinical tools to identify exposed individuals and prevent or decrease tumor growth. The researchers question if it will be possible to prevent mesothelioma, like colon cancer, simply by taking aspirin or similar drugs that stop inflammation. They are about to test this hypothesis.

The article is authored by Haining Yang, Zeyana Rivera, Sandro Jube, Masaki Nasu, Pietro Bertino and Michele Carbone at the University of Hawai’i Cancer Research Center; Harvey I. Pass and Chandra Goparaju at New York University; Thomas Krausz at the University of Chicago; Michael T. Lotze at the University of Pittsburgh; Guido Franzoso at the Imperial College of London, U.K.; and Marco E. Bianchi at the University of San Raffele Milano, Italy. It will be published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. the week of June 28 2010, and later in print. The study was supported by grants from the U.S. National Cancer Institute, and by the Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation.

Source: University of Hawaii at Manoa. “Mystery unraveled: How asbestos causes cancer.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 June 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/06/100629094153.htm>.


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Hawaii at ManoaNote: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Haining Yang, Zeyana Rivera, Sandro Jube, Masaki Nasu, Pietro Bertino, Chandra Goparaju, Guido Franzoso, Michael T. Lotze, Thomas Krausz, Harvey I. Pass, Marco E. Bianchi, and Michele Carbone. Programmed necrosis induced by asbestos in human mesothelial cells causes high-mobility group box 1 protein release and resultant inflammationProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1006542107

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

Online

Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

Webinar

Live webinars allow you to watch instructors on demand from the comfort of your home or office. Learn, chat with other students, and ask questions in real-time. Browse Live Webinars

Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Mesothelioma Clinical Trials

Mesothelioma Clinical Trials

From time to time we like to highlight the latest in clinical trials for Mesothelioma. As they involve quotes from medical professionals and extracts and quotes from academic reports and journals, we publish the article as it was originally written at asbestos.com brought to you by The Mesothelioma Center.

A much-anticipated, phase III clinical trial studying the use of gene therapy to combat pleural mesothelioma cancer has made a promising start.

Interest is growing in what many believe could soon change the standard of care for this aggressive cancer with no cure.

“I would definitely encourage patients to give this one a try,” Dr. Tawee Tanvetyanon, medical oncologist and principal investigator at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “It’s really too soon for me to say how well the treatment is doing, but I can say that it has been very well-tolerated.”

Moffitt, which is one of 40 treatment centers worldwide participating in the clinical trial, has enrolled four patients in the randomized study but is anticipating several more in the coming weeks.

The trial began in 2019 with the goal of including up to 300 mesothelioma patients across North America, Europe and Australia.

“So far, we have seen every indication that the protocol is safe and without any evidence of complication,” Dr. Daniel Sterman, of New York University School of Medicine and principle trial investigator, told The Mesothelioma Center and Asbestos.com. “But it is just too early to know any clinical results.”

Clinical Trial Explores Three-Drug Combination

The trial, known as the INFINITE study, is evaluating adenovirus-delivered interferon Alpha-2b, also known as rAd-IFN, an investigational drug and type of gene therapy.

It is used in combination with gemcitabine chemotherapy and celecoxib, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.

The investigational drug is a genetically engineered adenovirus that triggers the anti-tumor effects of interferon, a naturally occurring protein found in the lining of the lungs that can slow or stop tumor growth.

This study will compare the effectiveness of the drug against a control group receiving only the gemcitabine and celecoxib. Patients have a one-in-two chance of being randomly assigned to either the adenovirus treatment or the control group.

Adenovirus-delivered interferon Alpha-2b is designed as a second- or third-line treatment for patients who have failed in earlier regimens. Patients who previously had aggressive mesothelioma surgery but whose tumors have since progressed would be eligible to enroll.

Success at the phase III level would mark the culmination of 20 years of researching and fine tuning gene therapy for use with mesothelioma cancer. Success also could lead to FDA approval.

“The hope is, we may have a new treatment option,” said Sterman, a longtime gene therapy researcher.

Sterman previously served at the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Medicine, working closely with Dr. Steven M. Albelda, an early pioneer in the gene therapy field.

“We’re hoping the triple drug combination will demonstrate significant improvement in survival,” Sterman said.

In the earlier phase II clinical trial, the treatment regimen showed a median survival of 17 months, compared to historical study controls of just nine months. The three-year survival rate was 20%.

“Over the years, gene-based therapy has had its ups and downs. It often was viewed as high-risk, high-reward,” Tanvetyanon said. “This one has been fully proven safe and effective in delivering what it was programed to do.”

Mesothelioma Study Conducted Around the World

The gene therapy drug is administered into the pleural space through a catheter only once, on the first day.

Patients receive celecoxib orally twice daily for 14 days. Gemcitabine is given intravenously on days one and eight of a repeating three-week cycle, continuing until there is disease progression.

The study is being conducted in the United States, Canada, France, Poland, Germany, Italy, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Specialty centers hosting the trial within the United States include:

The rAd-IFN therapy already has been approved — and is being used successfully — for bladder cancer in several European countries.

This study is sponsored by Trizell Ltd., a gene therapy company with manufacturing facilities in Finland and the UK.

“Right now, there just aren’t a lot of options available for mesothelioma patients,” Tanvetyanon said. “This one looks promising.”

Source: https://www.asbestos.com/news/2020/09/23/gene-therapy-trial-mesothelioma/

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos Testing Costs 2020

Chrysotile Asbestos and PV29

The average for asbestos testing is about $496, with a typical range around $224 and $806. It may cost as low as $90 or high as $1,992. Testing costs increase with the buildings size and how complex the project is.

From around the 1900’s to around the 1970’s, contractors utilized this natural silicate in homes for its insulating capabilities and durability. Despite that, when damaged and aged, it flakes and crumbles, which emits its fibers into the air. When people breathe in carcinogenic fibers, it can lead to mesothelioma or Pulmonary fibrosis. It’s essential to get a professional to test for the presence of asbestos to find out if your business or home requires asbestos abatement or removal.

The cost of an asbestos survey or inspection is around $200 to $800. This test establishes the presence of asbestos to warrant professional removal. The price includes:

  • Optical inspection for general risks.
  • Collecting samples from areas like the insulation, roof, and walls.
  • Lab testing the samples.
  • Producing reports on the results.

Lab Testing Cost

The inspection price includes the cost of a lab test. Throughout the inspection, a professional will take every appropriate sample and send the samples to a lab. As an example, one sample is a couple of scrapings off of a textured ceiling to see if it needs the removal of the popcorn ceiling.

Report Costs

The price of the inspection typically includes the cost of an asbestos report because the lab fees are usually a part of the bundle. Following an examination, a report will be created that will confirm or deny the existence of hazardous fibers. You will provide these reports to an abatement professional to show where asbestos is located in your home.

Air Testing Pricing

You can expect to pay an average of $500 to the air for asbestosSubject to the number of samples you require and the size of your home, costs range around $200 to $800. This is comparable to the price of an inside air quality test, which sometimes includes asbestos in a list of wanted impurities.

Type 2 Asbestos Surveys

Today’s professionals denote to type two asbestos surveys as an “asbestos management survey,” which will cost around $200 and $800. These management surveys are really an inspection that’s a mixture of the previous type one tests and type two tests. It tests all the required samples and establishes vulnerable materials.

In essence, identifying surveys by “type” are a thing of the past. A type two is now part of what we now call an inspection or a management survey.

Asbestos Assessment Costs during a Home Inspection

Asbestos assessment costs throughout a home inspection is around $200 to $800 if you hire a professional independently from a home inspector. Nevertheless, if you hire a home inspector that is asbestos-certified, they can add a lesser fee than the average cost of a home inspection, that is about $330. It’s essential to acknowledge that normal home inspectors don’t do demolition, that includes scraping and taking samples unless they get permission from the homeowner.

Source:

  1. Learn How Much It Costs to Test For Asbestos.” HomeAdvisor, https://www.homeadvisor.com/cost/environmental-safety/test-or-remove-asbestos/.

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

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Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

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Live webinars allow you to watch instructors on demand from the comfort of your home or office. Learn, chat with other students, and ask questions in real-time. Browse Live Webinars

Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Cost 2020

Asbestos, Mines and Vermiculite Processing In Arizona

How much does it cost to remove a popcorn ceiling? You can expect to pay about $1.50 per sq. ft. on average or $1 to $2 per sq. ft. for popcorn ceiling removal that may or may not contain asbestos.

According to homeguide.com popcorn ceiling removal costs about $1.50 per sq. ft. with average prices ranging from $1 to $2 per sq. ft. to remove a popcorn ceiling not containing asbestos in the US for 202. Most homeowners spent around $1,710.  Homeguide states a similar prices range with “most home spending an average range of $2,700 for a 1,800 sq. ft. home” and average prices ranging from $1,010 to $2,260. You can expect to pay even more for the cost of asbestos popcorn ceiling removal.

Cost of Asbestos Removal Popcorn Ceiling

How much does it cost to remove asbestos from a popcorn ceiling? If your popcorn ceiling tests positive for asbestos, you can contain or encapsulate the asbestos for a cost of $2 to $6 per sq. ft. or hire an asbestos removal contractor to remove asbestos for about $10 to $20 per sq. ft. according to HomeGuide. On average, asbestos removal from a popcorn ceiling costs about $2,000, with prices ranging from $1,500 to $2,500 in the US for 2020.

Popcorn Ceiling vs Asbestos Popcorn Ceiling Removal Cost

CostHelper says Popcorn ceilings not containing asbestos can expect to pay about $1 to $3 per square foot or $250 to $900 to remove a popcorn ceiling from a 15’x20’ room or $1,200 to $1,400 for a 1,6000 sq. ft house.

Popcorn ceiling containing asbestos can expect to pay about $3 to $7 per square foot $900 to $2,100 to remove a popcorn ceiling from a 15’x20’ room or $4,500 to $11,500 for a 1,6000 sq. ft house.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Cost Factors

Learn more about the cost factors that affect popcorn ceiling removal.

Asbestos Testing. A simple asbestos test will cost you anywhere from $50 to $100.

Ceiling Size. The size of your ceiling makes a difference in the cost. Most asbestos removal contractors charge anywhere from $1 to $3 per sq. ft. or $15 to $40 per hour according to HomeAdvisor.

Moving Furniture. Furniture will need to be moved in order to remove the popcorn ceiling. Furniture removal usually only adds about $100 or so to the overall cost.

Asbestos Removal. If asbestos is found in your popcorn ceiling it will cost more to remove.

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

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Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

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Live webinars allow you to watch instructors on demand from the comfort of your home or office. Learn, chat with other students, and ask questions in real-time. Browse Live Webinars

Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Ten Places You Can Find Asbestos

Asbestos Around The House

Asbestos can be found in many unexpected places. Here are ten spots where asbestos may be found where you may not realize it. read on to learn more.

Seals And Sealants

Asbestos was often used in caulking in windows and doors until the 1970’s. It was also used on furnace doors, gasket seals, old coal chutes and other heat resistant areas.

Bowling Balls

Bowling balls can last for decades. And while most modern bowling balls are not made with asbestos, that perfect nine-pound, magenta bowling ball you chose at the bowling alley may actually be an older, asbestos-filled one.

Siding And Roofing

Most cement or asphalt composites used in roofing and siding are generally considered nonfriable, but those with a large paper make up are friable because they come apart with pressure. Both types release breathable particles of asbestos when cutting into or removed by tearing and pose a health hazard.

Talcum Powder

This seemingly harmless substance is raising red flags because of a dangerous risk of asbestos exposure. The connection between talc and asbestos involves the close proximity of the two minerals on the earth’s surface, which often results in contamination.

Ducts And Pipes

Old systems of steam piping and even some hot water plumbing are wrapped in asbestos-containing “blankets” that pose a serious risk when removed or cut without the help of a professional who uses protective measures to dampen the release of particles.

Crayons

Through independent tests, asbestos fibers were found in four of the 28 boxes of crayons tested, and two of the 21 crime-scene fingerprint kits.

Books And Bindings

“Fahrenheit 451” has a notorious past for being bound with asbestos in hopes the book would never be burned.  It is not the first time book bindings contained asbestos. In fact, reports show bookbinders were exposed to asbestos in the mid-1900’s.

Ceiling Tiles

Obvious forms of asbestos ceiling tiles are the 9 by 9 inch (22.86 by 22.86 cm) or 12 by 12 inches (30.48 by 30.48 cm) white or off-white panels held up in a grid system. Adding or removing a tile involves pushing it up from the grid frame and angling it down and out or up and in place. Basements in homes, in particular, might feature the tiles because of their soundproof qualities and low cost. It’s estimated that 5 to 10 percent of the ceiling tiles in the U.S. contain asbestos.

Wallpaper

Removing layers of old paper that have hung in there, adhering to walls for decades, is a remodeling project of major proportions. It involves lots of time and elbow grease. In homes papered before 1980, it can even be downright dangerous to undertake wallpaper removal because many vinyl papers before that time contain asbestos

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training Via Classroom & Online

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

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Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

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Disclaimer

The Asbestos Institute is not the official authority to determine OSHA training requirements, which are set forth in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA regulations are always being revised, added, and/or deleted, so you must not rely on The Asbestos Institute as the official authority of OSHA asbestos training requirements. Visit the official OSHA Asbestos Training Requirements page here.

Asbestos Tile Removal Cost

Asbestos Floor TIles

Asbestos tile removal costs an average of $3,250 with costs ranging from $1,500 to in excess of $5,000 for the US in 2020. Read on to learn more.

An inspection will most likely be needed and a report made to a third party company so levels of asbestos can be confirmed. Once that is done, the contractor usually starts by installing plastic sheets and air equipment to lower air pressure. This helps to prevent fiber dispersal.

The material must be kept wet and double bagged or stored in appropriate plastic sheeting designed for the task, All workers must be certified in the proper manner for the removal of asbestos, just not those working directly with it.

No official standard for safe levels in homes have been set by the EPA or others but a general standard is that they’re below .01 asbestos fibers per cubic centimeter of air (0.01 f/cc). All waste material will be properly labeled and disposed of in a landfill that accepts asbestos waste.

Other Factors

Various factors impact the average cost you’ll pay, including where you live, how many licensed remediation companies operate in your area, and the size of your home and amount and location of the tile or flooring. Other factors include the the type of material you’re having removed, and the condition it is in and how it was originally installed.

Like any renovation work, different contractors will likely give you wildly varying bids for the same job, taking into account all of the above as well as a simpler factor that often comes into play: how much do they think you’ll pay.

Source: https://www.asbestostile.org/what-is-the-average-cost-of-asbestos-tile-removal/

Asbestos, OSHA & AHERA Training

The Asbestos Institute has provided EPA and Cal/OSHA-accredited safety training since 1988. From OSHA 10 to hazmat training and asbestos certification, our trusted and experienced instructors make sure participants get the high-quality initial and refresher training they need.

Classroom

We train on-site at our headquarters in Phoenix, AZ or at our clients’ sites across the U.S. We offer both English and Spanish courses. Browse Classroom Classes

Online

Online courses allow you to align your learning with your personal schedule. This is a great option for students with family and work commitments. Browse Online Classes

Webinar

Live webinars allow you to watch instructors on demand from the comfort of your home or office. Learn, chat with other students, and ask questions in real-time. Browse Live Webinars